脊椎動物 Vertebrates

  約三億七千萬年前(泥盆紀),第一個生活在陸上的脊椎動物,屬於兩棲類的魚石螈(迷齒類),牠們由魚類進化而來,其後並逐漸演化為真正陸生的爬行動物。到了約二億五千萬年前(三疊紀),除新出現的龜鱉類外,更重要是槽齒類爬行動物的出現,牠們進化出恐龍,而哺乳動物亦於三疊紀晚期由其中一支爬行動物演化出來,但早期的哺乳類體型相當小,數量亦不多。而世上最早的鳥類(始祖鳥)出現於一億五千萬年前(侏羅紀晚期),早期的鳥類化石還帶有恐龍的特徵,但牠們的化石相當稀少。
  稱雄一時的爬行動物恐龍於六千五百萬年前(白堊紀晚期)統統都滅絕了,闖過此關而殘留至今的只鱷類、龜鱉類、蛇和蜥蜴等少數類。隨著地史進入新生代(六千五百萬年前至今),新興的哺乳動物取代了爬行動物的位置,牠們向不同方向演化,種類繁多,少數延存至今。


Carnivorous mammal skull

脊椎動物 Vertebrates 2 (Ice age) - 3 (Ice age) - 4 (Skull) - 5 (Skull) - 6 (Others)

F01


Carnivorous mammal tooth fossil

食肉哺乳類牙齒化石

Period: Miocene (12 million years old)
Location: Eurasia
Size: 3 cm
Carnivorous mammal tooth with root
Price: USD$29
年代: 中新世 (一千二百萬年前)
產地: 歐亞大陸
尺寸: 3厘米
史前食肉哺乳類牙齒化石
價格:港幣220 (USD$29)

F02

Hyena canine tooth fossil

鬣狗犬齒化石

Period: Miocene (12 million years old)
Location: Eurasia
Size: 4.5 cm
Carnivorous hyena canine tooth with complete root. Very nice piece.
(SOLD)
年代: 中新世 (一千二百萬年前)
產地: 歐亞大陸
尺寸: 4.5厘米
史前鬣狗犬齒化石,牙根完整保存,十分難得!

F03

Hyena canine tooth fossil

鬣狗犬齒化石

Period: Miocene (12 million years old)
Location: Eurasia
Size: 4.7 cm
Carnivorous hyena canine tooth with complete root. Very nice piece.
Price: USD$48
年代: 中新世 (一千二百萬年前)
產地: 歐亞大陸
尺寸: 4.7厘米
史前鬣狗犬齒化石,牙根完整保存,十分難得!
價格:港幣370 (USD$48)

F04

Rhinoceros jaw fossil -Hyracodon

跑犀顎骨化石

Period: Oligocene(30 million years old)
Location: Eurasia
Size: 16 cm x 7.5 cm
Hyracodon(Running rhinoceros) is an extinct genus of hornless rhinoceros. Section of lower jaw contains 4 molars with good preservetion.
Price: USD$283
年代: 漸新世 (三千萬年前)
產地: 歐亞大陸
尺寸: 16 x 7.5厘米
跑犀下顎骨連牙齒化石,牙齒保存十分好,已絕種之史前犀類
價格:港幣2150 (USD$283)

F05

Rhinoceros molar fossil - Chilotherium

大唇犀臼齒化石

Period: Miocene (12 million years old)
Location: Eurasia
Size: 4.3 cm x 5 cm
An extinct ancestors of rhinoceros. Has two curved tusks sticking out from its lower jaw. This is a lower molar.
Price: USD$33
年代: 中新世 (一千二百萬年前)
產地: 歐亞大陸
尺寸: 4.3 x 5 厘米
大唇犀是已絕種之犀牛祖先,沒有頭角,下顎有一對獠牙,這個是保存良好的下臼齒
價格:港幣250 (USD$33)

F06

Rhinoceros molar fossil - Indricotherium

巨犀臼齒化石

Period: Oligocene (24 million years old)
Location: Eurasia
Size: 9.5 cm x 5.5 cm
Indricotherium (Paraceratherium) is the largest known land mammal, an extinct genus of hornless rhinoceros. The length was about 8 metres, height about 5 metres. Huge lower molar with some wear.
Price: USD$236
年代: 漸新世 (兩千四百萬年前)
產地: 歐亞大陸
尺寸: 9.5 x 5.5 厘米
巨犀是犀牛的早先,已絕種最大的陸行哺乳動物,成年巨犀高約5米,身长約8米,巨型下臼齒有局部損耗
價格:港幣1800 (USD$236)

F07

Rhinoceros molar fossil - Indricotherium

巨犀臼齒化石

Period: Oligocene (24 million years old)
Location: Eurasia
Size: 8 cm x 6 cm
Indricotherium (Paraceratherium) is the largest known land mammal, an extinct genus of hornless rhinoceros. The length was about 8 metres, height about 5 metres. Upper molar with good preservation. Restoration to the root.
Price: USD$184
年代: 漸新世 (兩千四百萬年前)
產地: 歐亞大陸
尺寸: 8 x 6 厘米
巨犀是犀牛的早先,已絕種最大的陸行哺乳動物,成年巨犀高約5米,身长約8米,上臼齒保存良好,牙根部份有修補
價格:港幣1400 (USD$184)

F08

Rhinoceros molar fossil - Indricotherium

巨犀臼齒化石

Period: Oligocene (24 million years old)
Location: Eurasia
Size: 11.3 cm x 8 cm
Indricotherium (Paraceratherium) is the largest known land mammal, an extinct genus of hornless rhinoceros. The length was about 8 metres, height about 5 metres. Huge upper molar with good preservation, rare.
(SOLD)
年代: 漸新世 (兩千四百萬年前)
產地: 歐亞大陸
尺寸: 11.3 x 8 厘米
巨犀是犀牛的早先,已絕種最大的陸行哺乳動物,成年巨犀高約5米,身长約8米,巨型上臼齒保存良好,罕見
價格:港幣

F09

Rhinoceros molar fossil - Indricotherium

巨犀臼齒化石

Period: Oligocene (24 million years old)
Location: Eurasia
Size: 9.5 cm x 7.5 cm
Indricotherium (Paraceratherium) is the largest known land mammal, an extinct genus of hornless rhinoceros. The length was about 8 metres, height about 5 metres. Huge upper molar with good preservation, rare. Minor repair to the root.
(SOLD)
年代: 漸新世 (兩千四百萬年前)
產地: 歐亞大陸
尺寸: 9.5 x 7.5 厘米
巨犀是犀牛的早先,已絕種最大的陸行哺乳動物,成年巨犀高約5米,身长約8米,巨型上臼齒保存良好,罕見

F10

Rhinoceros molar fossil - Indricotherium

巨犀臼齒化石

Period: Oligocene (24 million years old)
Location: Eurasia
Size: 11 cm x 9 cm
Indricotherium (Paraceratherium) is the largest known land mammal, an extinct genus of hornless rhinoceros. The length was about 8 metres, height about 5 metres. Huge upper molar with root, has good preservation. Very rare.
Price: USD$523
年代: 漸新世 (兩千四百萬年前)
產地: 歐亞大陸
尺寸: 11 x 9厘米
巨犀是犀牛的早先,已絕種最大的陸行哺乳動物,成年巨犀高約5米,身长約8米,巨型上臼齒,帶牙根,保存完整,罕有
價格:港幣3980(USD$523)

F11

Rhinoceros molar fossil - Indricotherium

巨犀臼齒化石

Period: Oligocene (24 million years old)
Location: Eurasia
Size: 7 cm x 5.2 cm
Indricotherium (Paraceratherium) is the largest known land mammal, an extinct genus of hornless rhinoceros. The length was about 8 metres, height about 5 metres. Rooted upper molar, very nice piece!
Price: USD$261
年代: 漸新世 (兩千四百萬年前)
產地: 歐亞大陸
尺寸: 7 x 5.2厘米
巨犀是犀牛的早先,已絕種最大的陸行哺乳動物,成年巨犀高約5米,身长約8米,保存十分完整的上臼齒,帶牙根,十分難得
價格:港幣1980 (USD$261)

F12

Rhinoceros incisor tooth fossil - Indricotherium

巨犀門齒化石

Period: Oligocene (24 million years old)
Location: Eurasia
Size: 10 cm x 4 cm
Indricotherium (Paraceratherium) is the largest known land mammal, an extinct genus of hornless rhinoceros. The length was about 8 metres, height about 5 metres. Huge incisor tooth with complete root. Unusual fossil.
Price: USD$236
年代: 漸新世 (兩千四百萬年前)
產地: 歐亞大陸
尺寸: 10 x 4厘米
巨犀是犀牛的早先,已絕種最大的陸行哺乳動物,成年巨犀高約5米,身长約8米,巨型門齒連根保存
價格:港幣1800 (USD$236)

F13

Rhinoceros jaw fossil - Indricotherium

巨犀下顎連門齒化石

Period: Oligocene (24 million years old)
Location: Eurasia
Size: 27 cm x 15 cm
Indricotherium (Paraceratherium) is the largest known land mammal, an extinct genus of hornless rhinoceros. The length was about 8 metres, height about 5 metres. A partial lower jaw belongs to an unusual species of Indricotherium. Big jaw with a pair of long front teeth. Extremely rare fossil!
Price: USD$1973
年代: 漸新世 (兩千四百萬年前)
產地: 歐亞大陸
尺寸: 27 x 15厘米
巨犀是犀牛的早先,已絕種最大的陸行哺乳動物,成年巨犀高約5米,身长約8米,不常見的巨犀種之局部下顎骨,連帶兩隻長門齒化石,罕有
價格:港幣15000 (USD$1973)

F14

Entelodon molar fossil

完齒獸臼齒化石

Period: Oligocene (30 million years old)
Location: Eurasia
Size: 7 cm x 3 cm
Entelodon was a monstrous relatives of the boars and pigs. HUGE molar with complete root. Very rare prehistoric beast tooth.
Price: USD$171
年代: 漸新世 (三千萬年前)
產地: 歐亞大陸
尺寸: 7 x 3 厘米
完齒獸又名巨豨或完齒豬,已絕種之豨科動物,巨型臼齒連牙根完整保存,十分罕有
價格:港幣1300 (USD$171)

F15

Entelodon canine tooth fossil

完齒獸犬齒化石

Period: Oligocene (30 million years old)
Location: Eurasia
Size: 12.3 cm x 3.6 cm
Entelodon was a monstrous relatives of the boars and pigs. HUGE canine with complete root. Minor repair to the root. Very rare prehistoric beast tooth.
Price: USD$480
年代: 漸新世 (三千萬年前)
產地: 歐亞大陸
尺寸: 12.3 x 3.6 厘米
完齒獸又名巨豨或完齒豬,已絕種之豨科動物,巨型犬齒連牙根完整保存,十分罕有
價格:港幣3650 (USD$480)

F16

Elephant molar fossil - Tetralophodon

四棱齒象臼齒化石

Period: Miocene (8 million years old)
Location: Eurasia
Size: 10 cm(L) x 4 cm(W) x 8.5 cm(H)
Tetralophodon is an extinct elephant-like animal of the Gomphotheriidae family. Had four tusks and a trunk. This is a lower jaw section with 2 molars. Both molar has complete root. Very nice piece.
Price: USD$248
年代: 中新世 (八百萬年前)
產地: 歐亞大陸
尺寸: 10(長) x 4(寬) x 8.5(高) 厘米
四棱齒象屬於已絕種的嵌齒象科,有四隻大門齒,這是一個下顎骨化石碎片,帶有一大一小的臼齒,保存十分完整,帶有牙根
價格:港幣1890 (USD$248)

F17

Elephant molar fossil - Platybelodon

鏟齒象臼齒化石

Period: Miocene (13 million years old)
Location: Eurasia
Size: 9.8 cm(L) x 5 cm(W) x 5.5 cm(H)
Platybelodon is an ancestor of the modern elephant. Had a shovel-shaped lower jaw. This molar is complete with fully exposed cusps intact.
Price: USD$164
年代: 中新世 (一千三百萬年前)
產地: 歐亞大陸
尺寸: 9.8(長) x 5(寬) x 5.5(高) 厘米
鏟齒象是乳齒象一種,已絕種之史前象類,下顎有一個像鏟子的大門齒,這個鏟齒象的臼齒化石十分完整,多排的牙冠保存良好
價格:港幣1250 (USD$164)

* 以上全是化石真品,並非複製

Order form



下一頁 脊椎動物2 >>> Vertebrates2next
脊椎動物3 >>> Vertebrates3
脊椎動物4 >>> Vertebrates4
脊椎動物5 >>> Vertebrates5
脊椎動物6 >>> Vertebrates6


魚 類 Fish 鯊魚牙 Shark teeth 無脊椎動物 Invertebrates 爬蟲及兩棲類 Reptiles/Amphibians
恐龍 Dinosaurs 脊椎動物 Vertebrates 昆蟲 Insects 三葉蟲 Trilobites
植物 Plants 入門級化石 Starter Fossils 珍藏館 Fossilshk's Collection 太空隕石 Meteorites
化石書籍 Fossil Books 模型及道具 Models & Equipment

化石展覽 Fossil Exhibitions 教育推廣 Educational promotion 古生物畫作 Paleo Artwork 化石講場 Fossils Board
甚麼是化石? What are fossils? 地質年代表 Geological Time Scale 香港化石 Fossils In Hong Kong 站內搜索 Custom Search

關於我們 About Us HOME 聯絡方法 Contact Us



恐龍@化石工作室 Dinosaur @ Fossil Lab
未經同意下,請勿任意轉載。
Copyright (C) fossilshk.com All Rights Reserved.